Explaining the Different Kinds of Eye Health Diseases
This condition causes your eyelids to become inflamed. Symptoms include redness, swelling, styes, cysts, and flaky crusts at the eyelid. Your eyes may feel itchy or swollen. Blepharitis is caused by several types of bacteria that take up residence in your eye. We treat blepharitis with over-the-counter medicines or minor eyelid surgery.
As you grow older, your vision may grow misty. Most likely, you’re experiencing a cataract. A cataract forms when the lens in your eye grows cloudy from old age and sun exposure. Left untreated, cataracts can even cause blindness. However, cataracts can be removed through a simple, convenient procedure.
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is a swelling and irritation of the membrane that covers the eye. The cause could be anything from seasonal or indoor allergens, pollutants in the air, eye makeup, contact lenses, and other kinds of debris. Reduce symptoms by washing the affected eye and keeping it clean.
Up to 80% of all patients with diabetes will also have diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is an ocular manifestation of diabetes that causes mild blurriness, floaters, and in extreme cases, sudden loss of vision. But don’t worry—many cases can be treated. The key is to catch diabetic retinopathy fast through yearly checkups.
Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the eye and for clear vision. When your eye does not produce enough tears, your vision and comfort can suffer. Your risk for infection also increases. If you’re experiencing dry eye, we can examine your eye and prescribe treatments.
Eye allergies often include red, watery eyes, sneezing, sore throat, or sinus pressure. The most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, pet dander, insect venom, and food. These symptoms can be reduced through simple antihistamines or by removing the allergen.
Glaucoma is a complicated disease that causes damage to the optic nerves. This leads to progressive, irreversible vision loss. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness. Most patients with glaucoma will not experience any warning signs or symptoms beforehand. The key to treating glaucoma is to catch it early at eye care checkups.
This disease results in a severe loss of vision in the center of your visual field. Macular degeneration occurs in dry and wet forms and is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in adults over 50. Macular degeneration is not painful, which allows it to go unnoticed for some time.
The retina is a valuable component of your eye. Without it, you cannot see. A retinal tear or detachment happens when the retina is damaged and can even cause permanent vision loss. Retinal damage with laser surgery or an advanced innovative process that 'freezes' your eye. This helps keep your retina in place and stops it from detaching.